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Mchermel, m’chermel, mcharmel or mshermel are all transliterations of the Arabic word مشَرْمل, which means “marinated.” In Moroccan cooking, there are two usages of this word.
In a general sense, mchermel can simply refer to a step when something is marinated. In a more specific sense, mchermel is a style of Moroccan cooking in which a dish calls for the use of a marinade before and during cooking. It’s the latter definition that we’re looking at here.
Definition of Mchermel
In the Moroccan mchermel style of cooking, the cook marinates a main ingredient—meat, chicken, fish, offal or vegetables—with a spice and/or herb mixture such as the iconic chermoula, then cooks it in a chermoula-seasoned broth or sauce.
We can at a basic level chermel or marinate something and set it aside to infuse before cooking. Many Moroccan dishes require this step to ensure the meat tastes its best. As example, you can marinate a bird before cooking it m’qualli-style or m’hammer-style. However, those dishes are not considered mchermel style because additional marinade is not used to flavor the cooking sauce.
It’s the use of marinade to flavor the cooking sauce that defines mchermel as a cooking category all its own. Mchermel dishes usually have a reddish hue and an herby, lemony sauce in which preserved lemons and green or purple olives have imparted their goodness. Grated tomatoes are often cooked in the sauce, bringing a pleasant acidity and even lightness, particularly when the dish calls for a good amount of olive oil.
The most famous Moroccan dishes calling for the mchermel style of cooking include a baked fish and vegetable tray and its stovetop cousin, the classic chermoula-marinated fish tagine. Fish balls in tomato sauce is another example, as is the highly popular Shakshuka tagine with meatballs (which we locally call KBM after its Arabic name, kefta bel bid wa matisha).
Try cooking beef or sheep tongue or any offal in a mchermel style and you will be in for a treat. If that doesn’t appeal to you, then perhaps you can try cooking vegetables this way, starting with the delicious Bdenjal Mchermel – Eggplant in Chermoula.